In the United States dentists require an additional 3-4 years of training after completing their DDS/DMD degree to become an Oral & Maxillofacial Pathologist. After completion of the program dentists will be awarded with a Masters Degree in Oral Biology or similar degree.
Oral & Maxillofacial Pathology is a specialty of dentistry that deals with the nature, identification, and management of diseases affecting the oral and maxillofacial regions. It is a science that investigates the causes, processes and effects of these diseases. Many Oral & Maxillofacial Pathologists diagnose, treat, and research diseases such as Mumps, Bad Breath, Canker Sores, Fungus infections, Herpes, Burning Mouth Syndrome, and Oral Cancers. Many Oral & Maxillofacial Pathologists work as a teacher at a university while doing research. Some work in a hospital setting diagnosing and treating Oral Diseases.
Much of this information was adapted from the American Dental Association (ADA).