To gain acceptance into an Orthodontist training program a dentist must have a DDS or DMD degree from an ADEA accredited school in the United States. Once accepted the applicant will complete 2-3 additional years of post-graduate study. Once completed the applicant will be a certified Orthodontist.
Orthodontics is a specialty of dentistry that focuses on the treatment of malocclusions. Malocclusions are improper bites which may be caused by several factors that include: tooth irregularity, or disproportionate jaw relationships. Orthodontists use instruments such as braces, retainers, and headgear to correct abnormalities in the teeth alignment or jaw structure. Orthodontists correct conditions such as crowding or spacing of teeth, overbites, under bites, etc. Orthodontists usually work in a small private practice with a small staff. A full time orthodontist will work generally around 30-40 hours 4-5 days a week.
Much of this information was adapted from the United States Department of Labor.